How a Kid Masters His Neighborhood

8 years old: One recent afternoon, Marco left school with Wayne, stopped by Jacob’s house, then took them all to our house to play.

Today, my son Marco (8) took Wayne, a school friend, to the house of Jacob, another school friend. Then, the three of them made their way to our house. They made this entire journey, 1-1/2 miles, without any adults involved, either in transporting or in planning, and Marco was the leader. And, they did it in the rain, with no raincoats.

Marco can do all this on his own, too. In fact, he usually rides his bike home alone.

This degree of independent mobility is quite remarkable for an eight-year-old in the 21st Century. How did he get to this point?

Well, I didn’t pull a “Lenore Skenazy.” Skenazy became famous back in 2008 for leaving her nine-year-old son at Bloomingdale’s in Manhattan and telling him to get back to their Queens home on his own, via a subway and bus.

Instead, I’ve worked with Marco very consciously for many years to hone his independence skills. He had no single dramatic “OK, you’re on your own!” moment.

The maps displayed with this article show a steady progression from age five to six to seven to eight. In the first two of these years, I worked with him practically every day on independence skills. Today, I’m still involved daily, but I act more as an advisor.

Here’s what he’s learned, year-by-year:

  • 5 years old – he learned to stay within the small three-block range my wife and I designated for him, and to stay off the street.
  • 6 years old – he learned to go to certain neighbors’ houses within a two block radius of our house on foot or on bike, sharing the road with cars. In addition, he rode his bike to and from school with an adult (me or someone else) every day, learning an awful lot about navigating and how to deal with traffic.
  • 7 years old – he learned to ride his bike on his own to and from school. Once he was good at that, he started riding variations on that basic route.
  • 8 years old – he’s learning how to plan and execute play sessions with his friends, including who goes (he invites friends to play), when, where to go, and what to play when they get there.

7 years old: This map traces Marco’s travels by bike after school from school to the barber shop to the bike shop to home.

6 years old: This was “Marco’s Village” at the time – the area that we felt comfortable letting him roam on his own, bounded by familiar people and destinations. Our house is in black, to the left.

Certainly, Lenore Skenazy’s approach to granting independence was a lot more efficient than mine was, but I’d argue that our time over these last three years wasn’t wasted by any means.

Marco has gained a broad set of very valuable skills, not just the experience of returning home from one place. He can navigate pretty much anywhere in our neighborhood. He is comfortable going to over a dozen places in our neighborhood – friends’ houses, businesses, parks, and his school – and seeking out people on his own. He has begun to learn how to improvise when some unplanned thing happens (e.g. when no one’s home). He plans ahead with his friends and pulls all the pieces together to make play sessions happen, across multiple destinations.

5 years old: At this age, Marco was only capable of roaming the sidewalk in front of our house for a couple of blocks, plus a couple of neighbor’s yards.

His knowledge and skills are so deep that I would say that Marco has “mastered” his neighborhood, both geographically and socially. That feels very good for an eight-year-old kid.

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